Dentures (Dental Prostheses)
Also known as removable prostheses. These prostheses are divided into four classes.
1) Complete Denture (Prostheses made for individuals who have no teeth)
2) Partial Dentures (Prostheses made in partial tooth deficiency)
3) Precision Connected Dentures
4) Implant Removable Dentures
It is a treatment applied in the presence of a mouth where the individual has no teeth. The prosthesis can stay in place by hermetic closure. Although this situation can be achieved in the upper jaw, but it is very difficult to maintain retention in the lower jaw. In the current treatment approach, the indication (construction) of the lower total prosthesis is no longer considered appropriate.
The current approach in the application of the lower prosthesis is the application of the removable denture after two implant applications.
The teeth preferred in these prostheses vary according to the needs of the person.
The use of porcelain teeth in removable dentures can be applied either only for the anterior teeth or only for the application of a single jaw (especially the upper jaw).
This type of denture defined as a hooked prosthesis. Here, the lack of teeth in the individual is too much for the construction of fixed partial denture. In the prosthesis construction, the teeth remaining in the mouth are evaluated and if necessary, crowning is applied. In this way, while the aesthetic requirements are met, the retention of the prosthesis is fully ensured.
These prostheses are supported by a metal structure, that is prominently visible around the teeth and on the palate. Therefore, it is a more difficult form of prosthesis to be considered aesthetically.
Precision Connected Prostheses
This treatment is applied in order to eliminate the aesthetic disadvantage of the partial denture. Here, a key-lock system is applied on fixed prostheses applied on natural teeth and there is no need for clasps applied around the teeth, thus making a more aesthetically acceptable prosthesis.
Implant supported Complete Dentures
This form of prosthesis is the only indication that allows the lower total prosthesis to be used easily, which is difficult for the patient to use.
The simplest form is the form of prosthesis made on 2 implants placed in the lower jaw. These prostheses, which are attached to the implants, are much more comfortable to use than conventional total prostheses, as they do not move during chewing and speaking.