Periodontology, Gum Health and Oral Hygiene
Having healthy teeth is important for both human health and appearance. In order to have healthy teeth, it is also necessary to have healthy gums.
If gingivitis, also known as gingivitis, is not treated, it turns into periodontitis and causes the infection to progress to the deep tissues and form the bone.
While the field of dentistry specialized in this field is called Periodontology, the specialized physician is called Periodontologist.
The aim of periodontal treatments is to eliminate infections of the tissues surrounding the tooth and not to damage the tissues in the area while these procedures are being performed. Different periodontal treatment approaches can be preferred according to the individual.
If periodontitis is not advanced, non-surgical treatments are preferred.
Applications such as cleaning the structures called tartar or tartar, smoothing the root surfaces and preventing more bacteria and tartar formation are among the non-surgical treatments. (13)
Gum Graft Surgery
It is an operation performed to close the roots and expand the gingival tissue in places where there is no gingival tissue due to excessive gingival recession. As a result of the placement of tissue taken from different parts of the mouth in the recessed areas, tooth loss is prevented and the tissues in the region are not damaged further.
The aim of periodontal treatments is to preserve the tissues at the best level. In treatments using laser technologies, it is aimed that the laser only destroys pathogenic microorganisms in the gingival pocket.
Regenerative procedures are recommended in cases where the bone tissues supporting the teeth are damaged due to periodontal disease. This process is performed by folding the gums back, cleaning the bacteria in the pockets, and then using bone grafts and tissue stimulating proteins used to stimulate the body's ability to regenerate bone and tissue.
In some cases, the tooth length may be much shorter than it should be. In this case, the crown of the tooth must be lengthened.
In order to do this, it is necessary to increase the visible amount of the tooth by cutting the gingiva a little.
Gum Pocket Elimination
As a result of periodontal diseases that occur in the individual, bone resorption may occur and structures around the tooth without bone support, called gingival pocket, occur in that area. If left untreated over time, these pockets deepen, causing more bone to melt, and this causes bacteria to invade a larger area. To prevent this situation, the resulting pockets should be reduced.